International & Globalization
International & GlobalizationIndia is standing at a critical point in time with regard to its global and regional policy choices. Its relationship with Pakistan – despite improvements in the area of commerce – remains deeply troubled by long-term, virtually intractable issues, and is ridden by distrust. The withdrawal of ISAF forces from Afghanistan may lead to even greater insecurity, again with possible consequences for the Indo-Pakistani peace process, as Pakistan fears strategic competition in Afghanistan. If regionalism is to be espoused by South Asian countries, better relations between India and Pakistan are a necessity. However, many in India perceive the cooperation between Pakistan and China, and China’s advance in general – globally, and especially with the ‘string of pearls’ scenario – as a threat to this country.
Besides troubled regional politics, non-traditional security threats become increasingly relevant for India – for example those resulting from water scarcity and climate change, and especially in the field of energy, where India continues to be highly dependent on imports. The country emphasizes the need to develop access to resources worldwide. India directs its interests towards Central Asia as well as with a “Look East Policy”, towards South East Asia and especially Myanmar, where a democratic window of opportunity has opened.
Demonstrating ‘strategic autonomy’ in matters of geo-politics, India has consistently been against the use of military intervention, be it in Iran or North Korea, or in Libya or Syria. However, India’s foreign policy debate has moved away from the insular mood of the 1950s-60s and gradually opened up to global challenges and opportunities. Today, India is forging partnerships with multiple countries.
As a rising power, India is seeking a larger role for itself on the world stage, a permanent seat at the UN Security Council, and recognition as a nuclear power. It has undisputed importance in global and regional governance forums like the G-20, BRICS, IBSA, and is a weighty player in multi-lateral negotiations of trade and climate talks. India’s new status as a donor of development aid is giving it strategic and political mileage. Concomitant is the rise of Indian business making investments and acquisitions abroad.
There has been little systematic response, research and domestic debate within the Indian civil society groups on the underlying policy premises of Global (and Regional) India. Civil society activists have to confront the new context of international relations and co-operation, wherein questions of foreign, security and developmental policy are becoming increasingly intertwined. Given this background, with this objective of raising interest and consciousness of these linkages, HBS India facilitates monitoring, analyses, debates, publications and seminars on the subject.
Foreign Affairs and Security
April 23, 2012 - This is an attempt to provide an insight to the rationale for this policy being what it has been - a strategically pre-emptive effort to forestall Myanmar, a next door neighbor, from becoming a vehicle through which huge problems could be created for India. By Ranjit Gupta more»
Pakistan’s nuclear bayonet- An extremist takeover of Pakistan is probably no further than five to 10 years away. Even today, some radical Islamists are advocating war against America. Read more on the website of HBS, Berlin. Pervez Hoodbhoy
The Journal, Volume 10, September 15, 2012
India-Pakistan The Road To Peace
December 4, 2012 - The Centre for Policy Analysis, Heinrich Böll Foundation and Focus on the Global South organised a 3-day conference on India-Pakistan: Civil Society Review of Strategic Relations in March 2012. This is a special issue of The Journal with some papers covering the important discussions of this conference. Click here to continue reading India-Pakistan the road to peace. (50 pages, 2.20MB).
Cooperation without trust: India-China relations today- October 11, 2012 - 50 years after the Sino-Indian war, the relationship between the two countries continues to be affected by a lack of trust, despite much-expanded trade and cultural relations. A review of China-India relations. Click here to read Cooperation without trust: India-China relations today. (Pages 16, 676 KB). by Abhilash Roy Nalpathamkalam
In the October 2013 G20 Update (EN), experts describe the outcomes of the Russian G20 Summit (particularly as they relate to currency crises, tax reform and international development) and anticipate the transition from the Russian to the Australian G20 Presidency. "Must Reads" include new publications on the BRICS. more»
February 2, 2010 - The disturbing rise of right-wing votes in several states during the recent European elections asks for a revision of the concepts of integration, diversity and multi-culturalism. Michal Bodemann is advocating a new approach to maintain immigrants' distinct cultures, while at the same time open new gateways to institutional structures. By Y. Michal Bodemann more»